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Premarital Agreements

A premarital agreement in Iowa, often referred to as a “prenuptial agreement” or “prenup,” is a legally binding contract entered into by a couple before marriage. This agreement outlines the rights, responsibilities, and obligations of each spouse in the event of a divorce, separation, or death. Premarital agreements are designed to provide clarity and establish predetermined terms regarding property division, spousal support, and other financial matters, offering couples a degree of control over their future financial arrangements.

Key features of premarital agreements in Iowa include:
Voluntary Agreement

Both parties must willingly enter into the premarital agreement without coercion or duress. Full disclosure of assets, debts, and financial information is typically expected.

Scope of Agreement

Premarital agreements can address various financial aspects, including property division, spousal support (alimony), debt allocation, and other related matters. However, child custody and child support matters are generally not covered, as these are typically determined based on the best interests of the child at the time of divorce.


In Iowa, premarital agreements are generally enforceable, provided they meet legal requirements. It is crucial for the agreement to be fair, reasonable, and entered into with full understanding by both parties.

Legal Representation

While not required, it is advisable for each party to have independent legal representation when drafting and reviewing a premarital agreement. This helps ensure that both parties fully comprehend the terms and implications of the agreement.

Amendments and Revocation

Premarital agreements can be amended or revoked after marriage, but any changes must be made in writing and signed by both parties. If only one party desires to revoke a premarital agreement (without the consent of the other spouse) there is specific criteria that must be met in order to do so successfully. 

Full Financial Disclosure

Both parties should disclose their financial assets, liabilities, and income honestly and completely. Failure to provide accurate information may impact the validity of the premarital agreement.

Understanding the legal nuances of premarital agreements in Iowa is vital for individuals contemplating marriage. Seeking the advice of an attorney can help ensure that the premarital agreement is drafted in compliance with Iowa laws and serves the best interests of the parties involved.

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